Spanish Pronouns and Verbs

An important part of learning the Spanish language is to understand who a noun is referring to and what that person or thing is doing (the verb). So, let's review quickly:

 

Noun a person, place, thing or idea
Adjective a descriptive word that modifies the noun
Subject Pronouns who the noun is referring (he, she, it, we, they, & you)
Verb word that describes the action that is taking place

 

OK. Now we are ready to move onward. Let's take a look at pronouns first.


Subject Prounouns

Who are we talking about again?

Spanish speakers will always refer to the subject pronoun when they are talking. In English, sometimes it is understood. If you are in doubt while speaking Spanish, go ahead and use it. Again, the subject prounoun tells us who is doing the action.

Singular:
English: Spanish:  
I Spanish:
You Tu - too
You (formal) Usted -oo-stehd
He/She El - ehl/ Ella - eh-yah
Plural:
We (masculine/mixed group) Nosotros - noh-soh-trohs
We (feminine) Nosotras
You All (informal/only used in Spain) Vosotros - boh-soh-trohs
They (Masculine/mixed group) Ellos - eh-yohs
They (feminine) Ellas - eh-yahs
You All (formal) Ustedes - oo-steh-dehs

*In speech, we pronounce Usted and Ustedes completely. In writing, however, Usted becomes Ud. and Ustedes becomes Uds. When referring to a group of people, use the masculine, plural form (Ellos, Ustedes, Nosotros, etc). Each pronoun has its own time and place for usage.

You, in the formal sense (Usted/Ustedes) is used in a formal situation: to a stranger, a boss, a doctor, policeman, or to someone who might be older than you. You informal (Tu/Vosotros) can be used when talking to friends or relatives, in an informal situation, for example.

Noun Prounoun:

Ramon el
Tito el
Ramon & Tito Ellos
Rebecca Ella
Rebecca & Francesca Ellas

Doctor Usted
Group of Elderly Women Ustedes
Policeman Usted
Your brother Tu
Your cousin Alberto Tu