Family Names in Spanish

The 'ER' family of verbs.

These verbs all end with the letters 'er' and are conjugated using the following:

Subject: Verb ends in:
Yo -o
Tu -es
El, Ella, Usted (Ud.) -e
Nosotros -emos
Vosotros -eis
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes (Uds.) -en























We can use the verb Beber (to drink) to help us see this conjugation in action.

BEBER - beh-bear (to drink) BEB + ending
Subject: Verb Conjugation:
Yo Bebo
Tu Bebes
El, Ella, Ud. Bebe
Nosotros Bebemos
Vosotros Bebeis
Ellos, Ellas, Uds. Beben

 

Now that you see the pattern, you can conjugate almost any verb that you come across that ends in 'er'.

EXERCISE: YOUR TURN!

Fill in the blank with the correct verb form.

  1. Yo __________ (beber) zumo de frutas. (I drink fruit juice.)
  2. Tu __________ (beber) aqua. (I drink water.)
  3. Nosotros _________ (comer) pizza. - pee-sah (I eat pizza.)
  4. Vosotros _________ (aprender) espanol. (You [all] learn Spanish.)
  5. Uds. _________ (deber) estudiar espanol. (You [all -formal] must have to learn Spanish.

Answers: 1. bebo 2. bebes; 3.comemos; 4. aprendeis; 5. Deben
*Notice how a conjugated verb + another verb (as in number 5 above) work together. The first verb is the only one conjugated. It is a verb + infinitive. Also, the verb 'tomar' (to take) is usually used when referring to drinking alcoholic beverages.

The 'IR' family of verbs:

 

Subject: Verb ends in:
Yo -o
Tu -es
El, Ella, Usted (Ud.) -e
Nosotros -imos
Vosotros -is
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes (Uds.) -en

We can use the verb VIVIR (to live) to help us see this conjugation in action.

IMPORTANT POINT: Notice how the above conjugations are almost exactly identical to the second family, the 'ER' verbs. Only the nosotros and the vosotros forms are a bit different.

VIVIR - Vee-Virr (to live) VIV + ending
Subject: Verb Conjugation:
Yo Vivo
Tu Vives
El, Ella, Ud. Vive
Nosotros Vivimos
Vosotros Vivis
Ellos, Ellas, Uds. Viven

Now that you see the pattern, you can conjugate almost any verb that you come across that ends in 'ir'.

EXERCISE: YOUR TURN!

Fill in the blank with the correct verb form.

  1. Yo _________ (escribir) a mi hermano. (I write to my brother.)
  2. Tu _________ (vivir) en San Diego. (You live in San Diego.)
  3. El __________ (decidir) ir a Africa. (He decides to go to Africa.)
  4. Nosotros _________ (abrir) los libros. (We open the books.)
  5. Ellos _________ (recibir) un gato para la Navidad. (They receive a cat for Christmas.)

Answers: 1.escribo; 2. vives; 3. decide; 4. abrimos; 5. reciben

Algunos Verbos para Memorizar (Some verbs to memorize):

Try to conjugate the following verbs on notecards. Use them to practice. Once you have the patter down, you can apply it to almost any regular Spanish verb.

to eat :comer Ayudar: to help
to buy: comprar buscar: to look for
to work: trabajar desear: to desire
to understand: comprender enviar: to send
to walk: andar escuchar: to listen
to read: leer to read: leer
to travel: viajar tomar: to take, or drink alcholic beverages
to run: correr comer: to eat
to study: estudiar asistir: to attend
to learn: aprender subir: to climb, go up